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2021, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Part A

Phytochemical and biological activities of khat (Catha edulis Forsk): A review

Author(s): Khaled Rashed

Abstract: Catha edulis Forsk (Celastraceae)], is an ancient plant associated with psychological, health and socioeconomic issues on humans. Khat (the flower of paradise) is a plant vastly used on the African continent. Many different compounds are found in khat including alkaloids, terpenoids, flavonoids, sterols, glycosides, tannins, amino acids, vitamins and minerals. The phenylalkylamines and the cathedulins are the major alkaloids which are structurally related to amphetamine. The major effects of khat include those on the gastro-intestinal system and on the nervous system. Constipation, urine retention and acute cardiovascular effects may be regarded as autonomic (peripheral) nervous system effects; increased alertness, dependence, tolerance and psychiatric symptoms as effects on the central nervous system. The main toxic effects include increased blood pressure, tachycardia, insomnia, anorexia, constipation, general malaise, irritability, migraine and impaired sexual potency in men.

Pages: 14-16 | Views: 1274 | Downloads: 592

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South Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
How to cite this article:
Khaled Rashed. Phytochemical and biological activities of khat (Catha edulis Forsk): A review. South Asian J Agric Sci 2021;1(2):14-16.
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